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TSINGY OF BEMARAHA NATIONAL PARK


Situation: 44°34’ à 44°57’ East longitude and 18°12’ à 19°09’ South latitude

The Tsingy of Bemaraha National Park are located in the center of Madagascar. It is the first Malagasy site recognized with World Natural heritage and National Cultural heritage status. The Tsingy of Bemaraha National Park extend over 157,710 hectares being 100 km long from north to south and 10 in 40 km wide from east to west. The 72,340 hectares in the south part has been designated as a National Park. The north part, which has the status of strict nature reserve, covers 85.370 hectares. It is in the South where we find Tsingy, spectacular pinnacles, which are extremely difficult to access. This karstic formation extends as far as the eye can see, a spectacular forest of peaks and spurs of rocks.

THE FAUNA


Bemaraha is a Mecca of endemism and biological diversity. There are eleven species of lemurs listed, five families of bats and 103 species of birds. Bemaraha also houses 34 endemic species of reptiles and amphibians.

THE BEST OF THE FAUNA OF THE TSINGY

  • The fat-tailed dwarf lemur (Cheirogalus medius or Kelilbohoho)
  • The wooly lemur of John Cleese (Avahi cleesei or Dadintsifaka)
  • The lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur occidentalis or Bekolà) which is a regional endemic lemur of the family of Hapalemuridae
  • The Madagascan flying fox (Pteropus rufus or Fanihy) which is an endemic bat.
  • Among carnivores, the Eupleres goudotii or Kary of the family of Viveridae is also a national endemic species
  • The ring tailed mongoose (Galidia elegans occidentalis or Vontsira) is a local endemic carnivorous species of the family of Herpestidae.
  • Endemic birds include the larks, Sorohitra or Mirafra hova, vintsirano or alcedo vintsoides or alcedinidae
  • The green pigeon (voronadabo – fonimaitso)
  • The sunbirds, soimangabe or nectarina notata, soimangakely or nectarina souimanga.
  • Of the reptiles, Mabuya tandrefana of the family of scincidae is an endemic species of Melaky
  • Hatsakatsaka, or Chalarodon madagascariensis is an endemic iguana of Bemaraha
  • The amphibious, Heterixalus carbonei is a local endemic frog.
  • Amaruis nossima antsingyi, is a butterfly of the family of Nymphalidae is endemic of Bemaraha

THE FLORA


The Tsingy of Bemaraha National Park has original and endemic vegetation. It has a dense forest caducifoliée essentially tropophile - typical of the western ecoregion, interrupted with savannas in the dry eastern zone. 86% of 650 botanical species listed on Bemaraha are endemic and have adapted themselves to the dry climate. For the some, leaves were transformed into thorns to retain the water; the phenomenon known as spinescence. Others have enlarged their trunks to store water and some plants simply reduced their size and become dwarf shrubs.

THE BEST OF THE FLORA OF THE TSINGY

  • Sakoambanditsy of the family anacardiaceae
  • Sakoanala or poupartia minor
  • Vontaky pachypodium sofiense of the family of apocynaceae
  • Vahitsindy or Plectaneia rhomboidalis jum; perr of the family of apocynaceae
  • Mafaipoty pleiokirkia leandrii; of the family of Kirkiaceaest - a local endemic plant

TOURS


GMT+3's TOURS WHICH PASS BY IN TSINGY





CLIMATE


TSINGY N.P'S CLIMATE

The western coast of Madagascar is much drier than the eastern coast. In general, we can say the climate here is dry tropical. During the dry months between May and November it does not rain at all and the temperatures are pleasant (20 to 25°C on average). Between December and April it can rain torrentially or just a couple of showers, depending on the area and the year. The northern area is greener and indeed considerably wetter than the south. The hottest months are March, April, November and December, when the average temperature is 30° C or even more.

WHAT TO BRING ?


BE PREPARED

Don’t forget your raincoat; wear some hiking shoes (not slippery) and take a powerful lamp and some batteries for nocturnal walk.